Bella’s Ingredient Closet – Our Artisan Lab Ingredients

Here you will find a brief synopsis of the ingredients used in product formulations. INCI is the International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients. A systemic name for waxes, oils, pigments, chemicals, and other ingredients of soaps, cosmetics, and the like, based on scientific names and other Latin and English words.

INCI: Citrullus Lanatus (Kalahari Watermelon) Seed Oil

Melting point: Liquid at room temperature
Colour: Light yellow
Smell: Mildly sweet

Kalahari melon seed oil is cold pressed from the seeds of the Kalahari Melon. Kalahari melon is indigenous to the Kalahari Desert, which stretches across Botswana, Namibia and South Africa.

Kalahari Melon seed is extremely high in both essential fatty acids and natural Vitamin E that moisturizes and smooths dry, irritated skin. It is particularly suited to sensitive skin, because of the high Linoleic acid content. It promotes the rejuvenation and repair of skin cells. The Essential Fatty Acids help to repair the integrity of the skin barrier, meaning the skin retains more moisture and keeps out pollution. Excellent for dry, mature, sensitive, normal, and dehydrated skin.

Kalahari Melon Oil is rich in palmitic and oleic acids and is very high in linoleic acid, the fatty acid known for its skincare benefits, as well as omega-6 fatty acids.

INCI: Sclerocarya Birrea (Marula) Seed Oil

Melting point: Liquid at room temperature
Colour: Light gold
Smell: Warm and nutty

The Marula fruit tree is native to parts of southern Africa. The trees grow wild and were once rare, but are now cultivated. Once considered sacred, the Marula tree was linked to fertility and happy marriages in ancient times. The fermented fruit of the Marula tree was also thought to intoxicate elephants, who seem to love its delicious taste as much as humans do.

Marula oil is primarily extracted from the kernels, but can also be obtained from the nut’s outer husk. The oil is rich in protein and easily absorbed, making it an effective skin and hair treatment.

It is rich in antioxidants, such as phenolic compounds and vitamins E and C, which fight free radicals and may stave off skin damage caused by the ultraviolet rays and pollution.

Because Marula oil is lightweight, it absorbs easily. This makes it an effective moisturizer for dry and/or mature and/or aging skin. It may be beneficial for smoothing and softening fine lines, preventing stretch marks, and keeping the skin well hydrated.

Marula oil makes a good moisturizer for oily skin and treating acne because it is non-greasy. It also has antimicrobial properties and may be effective against the bacteria that contribute to the formation of pimples, whiteheads, and blackheads.

INCI: Crambe Abyssinica (Abyssinian) Seed Oil

Melting point: Liquid at room temperature
Colour: Light yellow
Smell: Mildly sweet

Abyssinian oil is expressed from the seeds of Crambe Abyssinica, Brassicacea from the Crambe Abyssinica crop family.  The Crambe Abyssinica plant originated in eastern Africa in the Ethiopian Highlands known as Abyssinia, which is where it derived its name. In more recent years it is also cultivated in the Meditteranean region.

This oil is closest to the natural oils produced by our skin, which means it provides the ultimate in natural hydration of any oil. It is both hydrating and protective, with a velvety, non-greasy texture. It acts as an active lubricant and emollient, promoting soft skin and a protective barrier to prevent skin dryness.

It promotes skin softness, plumpness, and is naturally anti-ageing. It is excellent for soothing and calming red, irritated, mature and sensitive skin. It reinforces the skin’s protective barrier – an integral function in preventing dehydration.

INCI: Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Seed Butter

Melting point: 30C
Colour: Creamy yellow
Smell: Mild nutty

This beautiful subtropical tree, is native to Mexico, South America and South Africa.

Avocado Butter is designed for topical use, and is formulated with Avocado Oil for its fatty acids. It is soft and rich at room temperature and slowly melts on contact with the skin. The oil from the avocado fruit is high in vitamin E which helps to stimulate collagen activity.

It is used to moisturize dry skin and it can also help to reduce the appearance of age spots. Avocado butter helps to reduce dark marks, reduces/prevents wrinkles, hydrates, lightens skin tone, helps to prevent breakouts and leaves your skin feeling nourished and silky smooth.

It helps in lightening scars and acne spots, and gives you a radiant skin tone. The fruit butter is effective at reducing fine lines on the skin. The butter also contains antioxidants, which help in protecting your skin from the damage of free radicals. It helps in maintaining water in the skin, which add to the skins radiant glow. Avocado oil is easily absorbable and thus penetrates deep into your skin, leaving it well-nourished.

INCI: Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Oil

Melting point: Liquid at room temperature
Colour: Yellow/brown/amber
Smell: Mildly sweet

Rice bran oil is a refined oil that comes from the bran of the rice kernel. Its composition is totally different to that of other plant oils, in that it has a high content of waxes.

Refining this oil is a tricky process, and is not easy to get hold of rice bran oil for commercial use. It is super rich in antioxidants and essential fatty acids. It is an excellent moisturiser and is particularly good for mature and dry skin.

INCI: Adansonia Digitata (Baobab) Fruit Powder

When the pulp of the fruit of this Majestic African tree is ground into powder, it is known simply as Baobab powder. The powder contains a powerhouse of nutrients including vitamin C, calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, and an assortment of antioxidants. 

Because of its high doses vitamin C as well as its high doses of antioxidants, this powder helps to increase the production of collagen and elastin in your skin. These are the proteins that help keep skin supple and line- free. Vitamin C also helps lighten dark spots and scars. 

It’s a wonderfully exotic natural ingredient which tightens and tones the skin, moisturizes and encourages skin cellular regeneration. It’s a beautiful super-fruit powder that also helps brighten, repair and regenerates the skin.

INCI: Althaea Officinalis (Marshmallow) Root Powder

Marshmallow root powder brims over with vitamins, antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties that is often used to improve and rejuvenate skin conditions. 

Its anti-inflammatory properties, while mild, are great for soothing skin irritations like acne, puffiness. And yes, it can slow down the signs of aging too by reducing the appearance of fine lines in areas with delicate skin that are prone to drying out.

It works to refine the look of uneven texture and redness. It helps hydrates, softens, and balances the skin too. 

Containing mucilage, the root appears as a gel-like substance that forms a protective layer to seal in moisture, making it a popular choice for dry mature and sensitive skin. Skin can also benefit from its plumping properties, and its ability to moisturize deeply, leaving a soft, glowing skin.

INCI: Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Sugar

Coconut sugar is not refined, it’s harvested from the sap of the coconut palm tree flower buds. 

Coconut sugar retains large amounts of the nutrients found in the coconut palm. Most notable of these are the minerals iron, zinc, calcium and potassium, along with some short-chain fatty acids like polyphenols and antioxidants.

Its colour is similar to that of raw sugar, but the particle size is typically smaller or more variable. 

The sugar is finer in texture and gentler on the skin. It works well to gently slough off dead skin cells which aids in detoxification. Helps your skin retain moisture, leaving you with a healthy glow.

INCI: Sodium CocoyI Isethionate

Is also known as Baby Foam due to its exceptional mildness, Sodium Cocoyl Isethionate Raw Material is a surfactant that is comprised of a type of sulphonic acid called Isethionic Acid as well as the fatty acid – or sodium salt ester – obtained from Coconut Oil. 

It exhibits lovely foaming ability, producing a stable, rich and velvety lather that does not dehydrate the skin, thus making it ideal for addition to water-free products. 

This high-performance surfactant, which is equally effective in both hard and soft water.

Its emulsifying property, allows water and oil to mix, as it encourages dirt to attach itself to them, which in turn makes it easier for it to be washed away. 

This powerful yet gentle ingredient effectively washes away dirt and oil without leading to dryness or irritation. Ideal for all skin types, but more so sensitive skin.

INCI: Xanthan Gum

Xanthan gum is a polysaccharide derived from glucose or sucrose (sugars), which is used as a thickening or stabilising agent skincare. 

Its use in skincare is significant for product texture and formulation. It is appropriate for use in natural and organic skincare and is thought to have some hydrating benefits for the skin. Unlike some gums, xanthan gum is stable under a wide range of temperatures and varying pH environments. This allows for a smooth application when used in skincare products.

INCI: Curcuma Longa (Turmeric) Rhizome Powder

This sunset-yellow powder is made from the rhizome of Curcuma Longer, a form of ginger native to Southeast Asia. Its active ingredient, curcumin, is what gives it that yellow-orange tinge.

Hailed as one of the most prized condiments in the cupboard, this gorgeously golden powder is very effective at combating acne and redness due to its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-bacterial properties. It helps by destroying the acne-causing bacteria and also removes the excess oil from the skin.  

Inflamed, acne scarring, dark spots, and uneven skin tone can benefit greatly from this fine ingredient. It’s is effective and natural and it is noted that curcumin further reduces excess production of melanin, which helps to even skin tone and lighten scars. 

INCI: Kahlwax 6702 - Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Wax, Shorea Robusta (Sal Tree) Resin, Rhus Verniciflua Peel Cera (Berry) Wax, Tocopherol (Vitamin E) Oil, Ascorbyl Palmitate (Vitamin C)

Kahlwax 6702 is an all-natural, plant blend of carefully selected, high quality ingredients like Sunflower seed wax, Berry wax, and Shorea Robusta resin. It is a Vegan substitue for beeswax.

Every single component has unique and outstanding properties. Berry wax (INCI: Rhus Verniciflua Peel Cera) is a fruit peel wax consisting of a high content of glycerol ester of C16-18 fatty acid. Because a significant part of it melts at temperatures <30°C, Berry wax feels very silky and soft and significantly improves the sensory characteristics of formulations.

Sunflower seed wax (INCI: Helianthus Annuus Seed Cera) is a pale colored hull wax with a transparent melt showing exceptional properties. It contains mainly esters of C16-C24 fatty acids and C26-C32 alcohols and is free of glycerol- and other polyalcohol esters. It has a melting point of approximately 78°C with a well-balanced softness hardness and an outstanding oil-binding capacity.

Damar resin (INCI: Shorea Robusta Resin) is a raw material which enhances the durability of a product’s effect, supports film forming, and enhances adhesion on the lips and skin.

Kahlwax 6702 is ideal for giving lips the care and attention they need, while producing outstanding gloss and delivering excellent oil-binding properties and remarkable hardness.

INCI: Theobroma Cacao (Cocoa) Seed Butter

Melting point: 34°C to 38°C
Colour: Creamy yellow
Smell: Chocolate-like

It is the edible natural vegetable fat of the cacao bean, which also happens to be the fruit of the Theobroma Cacao tree.

Cocoa butter is extracted from cacao beans that is used extensively in chocolate making, as well as skincare formulations. Cocoa solids and cocoa butter are separated out at an early stage during processing of the cocoa bean. Cocoa has a low melting point that makes it ideal for use in skincare as the butter melts when in contact with warm skin. Do not overheat cocoa butter as it will destabilise its structure.

Cocoa butter easily absorbs into the top the skin. Cocoa contains polyphenols that possess anti-inflammatory, and rich antioxidant properties. It is widely used for its anti-ageing effects against free radicals.

INCI: Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter

Melting point: 32°C to 46°C
Colour: Cream
Smell: Nutty

A butter that is extracted from the Karite tree which grows in West Africa/Ghana. The fat is extracted by boiling the nuts in water, then grinding it into a paste until the oils start to separate. This is tough work that is done over an open fire. It is traditionally done by women.

Shea butter is noted for its luxurious moisturising properties. It also melts easily on contact with the skin. The butter is however notoriously prone to graininess due the high stearic acid content.

INCI: Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil

Melting point: 24°C
Colour: Off-white
Smell: Pleasantly mild coconut

Coconut oil is extracted from the flesh of the coconut, from the coconut palm tree. It is colourless when liquid and/or pale white when solid.

It is highly saturated, as it contains medium chain triglycerides. It has a high content of lauric acid, which has anti-microbial activity.

Coconut oil has a high resistance to oxidation. It has a moisturising effect, and has occlusive and emollient properties. This helps bolster your skin’s protective barrier layer, trapping moisture inside and keeping skin supple and hydrated. Coconut oil has anti-inflammatory properties, making it beneficial for irritated, chafed skin.

INCI: Tocopherol (Vitamin E) Oil

Melting point: Viscous liquid at room temperature
Colour: Yellow/brown/amber
Smell: Mild

Tocopherol, or Vitamin E, is a fat-soluble vitamin in eight forms that is an important antioxidant. Although originally extracted from wheat germ oil, most natural Vitamin E are now derived from vegetable oils, usually soybean oil.

Vitamin E is a naturally occurring component of healthy skin. It offers significant antioxidant properties to help ward off pollution and other environmental stressors that would otherwise weaken and cause unwanted changes in skin.

Certain forms of vitamin E also help soothe skin. Unfortunately, with time and sun damage, skin’s vitamin E decreases. It promotes skin cell regeneration and helps to nourish the skin.

Vitamin E oil is very viscous (thick) and hard to spread on skin, some suppliers sell a blend of Vitamin E in a Sunflower and/or Sweet Almond base oil. This makes it easier to incorporate into skincare formulations to prolong the shelf life of carrier oils and butters.

INCI: Caprylic Capric Triglyceride



Melting point: Liquid at room temperature
Colour: Very light yellow
Smell: Nutty

Caprylic Capric Triglycerides are a specific fraction of coconut and/or palm oil fatty acids resulting in a more stable, and skin loving, caprylic & capric fatty acids which creates a dry, silky oil form of esters.

It is gentle and is considered an excellent emollient and skin-replenishing ingredient. It’s included in skincare due to its mix of fatty acids that skin can use to replenish its surface, and resist moisture loss.

Caprylic/capric triglycerides can also function as a thickener, but its main purpose is to moisturize and replenish skin.

Caprylic Capric Triglycerides offers a silkiness in products that exhibit excellent anti-oxidant properties, and skin nurturing benefits due to the skin loving nature of the specific fatty acid esters. They are especially suited to sensitive skin and oily skin.

INCI: Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Sweet Almond) Oil

Melting point: Liquid at room temperature
Colour: Yellow
Smell: Pleasantly mild

Is the oil that is extracted from these delicious tree nuts. Although almonds are commonly referred to as nuts, they’re actually the seeds found at the centre of the almond fruit, which closely resembles a peach.

They are very rich in fat, making them a perfect source of oil. Sweet almonds are the variety typically eaten and used to make foods, oils and cosmetics. Almond oil is an excellent source of vitamin E and contains a small amount of vitamin K.

Meanwhile, bitter almonds are believed to have medicinal properties, though they can be toxic if they’re not properly processed. They’re not widely available either.

INCI: Olea Europaea (Olive) Oil

Melting point: Liquid at room temperature
Colour: Greenish
Smell: Olivy

Olive oil is obtained from the flesh of the olive fruit not the kernel. Black olives can contain as much as 50% oil. Olives are mechanically cold-pressed when ripe and can be further filtered.

Cold pressed, extra virgin oil is best for formulating. It is a fatty oil, which make it useful in nourishing products.

About 14% of the oil is saturated fat, whereas 11% is polyunsaturated, such as omega 6 and omega 3 fatty acids. The predominant fatty acid in olive oil is a monounsaturated fat called oleic acid, which usually makes up 73% of the total oil content.

The antioxidants in olive oil can reduce oxidative damage due to free radicals.

INCI: Tapioca (Cassava) Starch

Melting point: None, in a super fine powder form
Colour: White
Smell: Odourless

It is a natural thickener and texture enhancer that is derived from the roots of the Manihot esculenta (Cassava) shrub. It consists primarily of amylose and amylopectin, both components of starch and what gives tapioca its thickening properties.

In skincare, tapioca starch can serve to stabilize formulations. It is also used as an anti-grease agent and a talc substitute as it is aluminium free.

It has a velvety effect in anhydrous products like body butters.

INCI: Cinnamomum Zeylanicum (Cinnamon) Bark Oil

Extraction Method: Steam Distillation
Plant Part: Bark and/or leaves
Smell: Deep spicy-wood
Colour: Orangey brown

Cinnamon is thought to be one of the world’s oldest and most valuable spices. The cinnamon plant is native to South Asia, but can be grown throughout different regions in Asia and across the world today. It

Cinnamon Essential Oil may be obtained from either the tree’s outer bark or its leaves, hence the two main varieties are Cinnamon Bark Essential Oil and Cinnamon Leaf Essential Oil.

Used cosmetically, Cinnamon Essential Oil is reputed to calm dry skin, effectively alleviate aches, and pains. It promotes circulation, and nourishes the skin.

Cinnamon oil has a high concentration of antioxidants, which means that it fights free radicals and combats signs of aging when used in skincare.

Cinnamal, Eugenol, Linalool, Coumarin, and Cinnamyl Alcohol are the natural components of this deeply scented essential oil. These are natural allergens that one could be sensitive and/or allergic to, which by law have to be declared on all cosmetic labels so that you are aware of its presence in the product.

Some of their natural components are used extensively in perfumery and aromatherapy.

Never use essential oils undiluted on the skin.

INCI: Citrus Paradis (Grapefruit) Peel Oil

Extraction Method: Expression
Plant Part: Fruit peel
Smell: Grape-fruity
Colour: Pale yellow

Grapefruit essential oil has antibacterial and anti-fungal effects. D-limonene, β-myrcene, α-pinene and β-pinene, are major components in this oil.

Grapefruit oil has been used in cosmetic treatments for cellulitis and localised fat treatment. Has GRAS (Generally recognized as safe) status.

It has a lovely, citrus aroma. It is a good choice for body skincare products, especially firming, anti-cellulite formulas, but works well in other products such as shower gels, body lotions.

Some of their natural components are used extensively in perfumery and aromatherapy.

Never use essential oils undiluted on the skin.

INCI: Prunus Armeniaca (Apricot) Kernel Oil

Melting point: Liquid at room temperature
Colour: Light yellow
Smell: Light

Apricot kernel oil is extracted from seeds of the Apricot (Prunus armeniaca). This lovely oil can be obtained from kernels using solvent extraction, or cold pressed. Cold pressed is a preferable method.

The oil is light and suitable for sensitive skin. Apricot kernel oil contains higher levels of total phytosterols, tocopherols and b-carotene.

It is quickly absorbed by the skin and considered a very light and nourishing oil, that is recommended for all skin types. Due to its polyphenol content, it has photo-protective effects, that improve skin elasticity and tone.

INCI: Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil

Melting point: Liquid at room temperature
Colour: Greeny-yellow
Smell: Pleasantly mild

Grapeseed oil, an often under estimated oil is extracted from the seeds of grapes. Unlike other oils that may only suit certain skin types or clog pores, grapeseed oil is a lightweight oil that’s noncomedogenic, making it suitable for most skin types—including sensitive and acne-prone skins.

This oil is packed full of helpful vitamins that are great for the skin and the overall maintenance of the body, including vitamin E and omega 6. Its special qualities as an antioxidant and an anti-inflammatory element help with wrinkles and lines.

INCI: Argania Spinosa (Argan) Kernel Oil

Melting point: Liquid at room temperature
Colour: Gold
Smell: Nutty

Argan oil is derived from the nuts of the argan tree. The fruit of the tree is green and resembles an olive, but is larger. Inside, there is a hard-shelled nut which can contain up to three kernels from which the argan oil is then extracted.

The traditional production of this oil is demanding, it takes about 100kg of fruits to make just 2-3 litres of oil. Traditionally, Argan oil was used extensively in Morocco as a topical oil to treat dry skin, acne, psoriasis, eczema, wrinkles, joint pain, and skin inflammation.

It is also used to prevent hair loss and dry hair. Argan oil is rich in Omega-6 fatty acid, which means it helps with skin rejuvenation and skin elasticity.

It is used in products for mature skin but is said to be effective in eye care products as well. It is easily absorbed into the skin and has strong anti-inflammatory properties. The oil performs anti-sebum activity, reducing greasiness and improving appearance of oily facial skin.

INCI: Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil

Melting point: Viscous at room temperature
Colour: Yellow
Smell: Earthy-nut

This oil differs from other oils because of its very high viscosity and specific gravity.

It is obtained from cold-pressing the seeds of the castor plant. It is one of the few naturally high purity glycerides, containing around 90% of Ricinoleic acid, which is responsible for castor oil’s analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.

Although its use can go up to 100%, it is not frequently due to its thickness and characteristic aroma.

It has emollient and lubricating properties, as well as excellent capability to wet and disperse pigments. It is often called the ‘dirt magnet’ as it is great for removing makeup and is often used in cleansers. It is a very slow penetrating oil.

INCI: Eucalyptus Globulus (Eucalyptus) Leaf Oil

Extraction Method: Steam Distillation
Plant Part: Leaves
Smell: Green menthol-mint
Colour: Yellowy-green

Originally native to Australia, eucalyptus trees are now grown all over the world. Eucalyptus essential oil is extracted from the fresh or partially dried leaves of the plant and the young twigs through a process of steam distillation.

Eucalyptus essential oil contains anti-inflammatory properties, and has been shown to boost ceramide production, a fatty acid that helps the skin retain moisture.

Because eucalyptus essential oil is antiseptic and antibacterial, it helps cleanse the epidermis of impurities that contribute to acne breakouts. Eucalyptus oil’s antibacterial properties make it an effective clean.

Some of their natural components are used extensively in perfumery and aromatherapy.

Never use essential oils undiluted on the skin.



INCI: Besan (Gram) Pea Powder

Besan powder also known as gram flour has renowned properties and has been used in India for centuries. It has been hailed in the combat of acne and problematic skin. 

It contains zinc that has been shown to fight the infections that cause erupting acne. It also helps control excess sebum production and soothes inflamed skin. It is rich in linoleic and oleic acids, which are nutritionally important skin loving unsaturated fatty acids. It is also a great source of other vitamins like riboflavin, niacin, folate, and beta-carotene.

It is also suitable for dry skin as it helps to moisturise and keep the skin hydrated.

INCI: Cymbopogon Schoenanthus (Lemongrass) Oil

Extraction Method: Steam Distillation
Plant Part: Leaves
Smell: Lemony
Colour: Bright to pale yellow

Lemongrass essential oil comes from the lemongrass plant, which grows in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. The oil can be bright or pale yellow with a thin consistency and a lemony scent. The essential oil is steam-distilled from fresh or partly dried leaves of this tall grass.

It has purifying properties which make it perfect for skincare. These properties help to remove impurities, detoxify the skin and leave it feeling clean and clear. As a natural antioxidant, making it an ideal defender in the fight against free radicals!

The compounds that make up lemongrass essential oil are known to have antifungal, insecticidal, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. Lemongrass may prevent the growth of some bacteria and yeast, due to its antioxidant properties.

Some of their natural components are used extensively in perfumery and aromatherapy.

Never use essential oils undiluted on the skin. 

INCI: Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Oil

Extraction Method: Steam Distillation
Plant Part: Flowers
Smell: Floral
Colour: Yellow

Also known as Common Lavender, True Lavender.

Lavender Essential oil is very appreciated for its aroma, and therefore is widely used in cosmetics for fragrance purposes and has more than a hundred components, with linalool, linalyl acetate, lavandulyl acetate, camphor and 1,8-cineole being the predominant ones.

Its aroma is beautifully floral. It is a favourite by many formulators because it is easy to use, and blends well with many other oils.

Lavender blends well with citrus oils, and other florals such as geranium and rose, but also with neroli, chamomile, palmarosa, lemongrass, patchouli and rosemary.

Some of their natural components are used extensively in perfumery and aromatherapy.

Never use essential oils undiluted on the skin.

INCI: Moroccan Lava (Rhassoul) Clay

Rhassoul clay is a lovely brown clay only found in a valley in the Atlas Mountains of Morocco. The term ‘Rhassoul’ comes from an Arabic word ‘ghassala’ which means ‘to wash.’ 

It contains larger amounts of calcium, potassium, magnesium, silica, and trace minerals. It also boasts a higher absorption rate, which makes it ideal for detox and cleansing. Its active compounds are quickly absorbed into the skin, leaving it soft and smooth.

It’s noted for removing excess dirt and sebum, allowing your pores to breathe. 

The clay is full of metallic elements that carry a negative charge. This magnetic energy draws out positively charged toxins and bonds to them so that when you wash the clay away, the toxins purportedly go with it. For this reason, Rhassoul clay works well as a detoxifier for an acne/problematic skin.

INCI: Hibiscus Sabdariffa (Hibiscus) Flower Powder

Hibiscus flower powder is rich in antioxidants, called anthocyanin (water soluble pigment), which is one of the most powerful anti-ageing plant actives. Hibiscus has a marvellous reputation for increasing skin elasticity to give a stunning natural youth-boost.

With the incredible ability to inhibit the activity of the enzyme elastase, which is responsible for breaking down our skin’s elastin, Hibiscus actively combats the ageing process by firming and lifting your skin. It has a naturally high mucilage content, a sticky substance produced by plants that help with the storage of water and food.

Mucilage makes a fabulous skin moisturiser that is gentle on sensitive skin. The high mucilage content enhances the skin’s ability to retain moisture, which is a key factor in retaining a youthful complexion and is notably suited to dry and mature skin types.

 Its moisture rich qualities helps skin stay hydrated, soft and supple, keeping dry, dull skin at bay

INCI: Oryza Sativa (Rice) Powder

Rice powder has been used by women around the world for millennia to enhance their beauty and clarity of their skin especially in Japan. 

It contains a high amount of para aminobenzoic acid, ferulic acid and allantoin. Para aminobenzoic acid is said to increases the absorption of Vitamin C in the body. Ferulic acid is an anti-oxidant, and it has been noted that when ferulic acid is added to Vitamin C and E, its sun protection ability doubled. Allantoin is a great anti-inflammatory agent that promotes skin repair. 

When applied to the skin, rice powder has been shown to inhibit tyrosinase, the enzyme responsible for melanin production.

The high content of vitamins and minerals in rice powder help to achieve a clean feel, leaving your skin soft and supple to the touch.

Its oil-absorbing properties makes it perfect for acne-prone skin, and is super at removing flaky dead skin cells to reveal a smooth and silky skin.

INCI: Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Milk Powder

Coconut Milk Powder is a very fine powder, made by evaporating coconut milk. It is a unique vegan alternative that can be reconstituted to make a nutritive wetting agent for cleansers, masques and gentle exfoliation. 

It is packed with vitamins C, E, B1, B3, B5, and B6 as well as iron, selenium, sodium, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus. 

It is a great moisturizer due its soothing properties. The natural fatty acids in coconut milk help treat dry and irritated skin and remove bacteria too. It also helps sunburns by cooling the skin and reducing, swelling and redness. 

INCI: Avena Sativa (Oat) Kernel Powder

Owing to its saponin content, Oatmeal powder works as a terrific natural skin cleanser without stripping or dehydrating the skin.

Packed with antioxidants, nutrients, and lipids, this type of oatmeal is more easily absorbed into the skin due to its finely milled texture.  

It is chock-full of proteins, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and lipids that have great emollient properties making it a great moisturizer that also soothe, and protect your skin. The anti-inflammatory vitamin E, along with phenols and starches also help to aid in moisturization and combat free radicals.

It assists to keep skin hydrated by forming an occlusive layer on the surface that retains water in the skin. 

INCI: Kaolin White Clay

Kaolin clay, which has also been referred to as white clay or China clay, is primarily made up of the mineral kaolinite. This luxurious clay has a soft and is noted for its velvety texture. 

It is one of these all-natural ingredients that enhance a clean green beauty, toxin-free, vegan skin care regimen. It’s excellent for all skin types when used as a cleanser, exfoliator, blemish treatment, masque and more! 

It is an excellent for sensitive skin and helps sooth irritability. It helps reduce oily skin, and helps removes dirt and grime too. 

Regular use helps tone skin over time thereby improving cellular turnover rate and minimizing the appearance of large pores.

INCI: Pelargonium Graveolens (Geranium) Leaf Oil

Extraction Method: Steam Distillation
Plant Part: Leaves
Smell: Rose-like
Colour: Yellow

Geranium essential oil is derived by steam distillation of the leaves of Pelargonium graveolens, a plant species native to South Africa.

There are numerous varieties and strains. Each variety differs in scent, but is near-identical in terms of composition, benefits, and uses.

Geranium essential oil is mostly used for its antibacterial and anti-fungal properties as well its astringent activities. It also helps to reduce skin inflammation and irritation, and as it helps cleanse oily complexions. It is used frequently in acne treatments.

Citronellol, geraniol and linalool are natural components in this gorgeous essential oil. These are natural allergens that one could be sensitive and/or allergic to, which by law have to be declared on all cosmetic labels so that you are aware of its presence in the product.

It has a beautifully strong floral scent. A great choice for mature skin in anti-ageing products as well as for problem skin.

Some of their natural components are used extensively in perfumery and aromatherapy.

Never use essential oils undiluted on the skin.

INCI: Cananga Odorata (Ylang Ylang) Oil

Extraction Method: Steam Distillation
Plant Part: Flower
Smell: Fruity Sweet
Colour: Yellow

Ylang Ylang is a delightful essential oil derived from the Ylang Ylang flower. It is native to India, the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, and parts of Australia.

The oils vary in the intensity of their scent. The most potent oil is often used as a top note in perfumes. The less potent essential oils are used as medium-to-base notes in perfume, and to make products such as cologne, lotion, and soap. The subtlest form of Ylang Ylang is often known as Cananga oil used in skincare.

Ylang Ylang essential oil acts as a powerhouse, boosting the regenerative process of the epidermis and works wonders to regulate sebum production. Whether your skin is dry or oily, Ylang Ylang oil corrects the amount of oil your sebaceous glands, ensuring your complexion has just the right amount of moisture. With its powerful antioxidant properties, Ylang Ylang oil can help to fight off the free radicals that are responsible for premature aging.

Some of their natural components are used extensively in perfumery and aromatherapy. 

Never use essential oils undiluted on the skin.

INCI: Calendula officinalis (Calendula) Petal Oil

Extraction Method: Infusion/maceration in a carrier oil
Plant Part: Flower petals
Smell: Oriental Spice
Colour: Yellow

Calendula oil is a natural oil extracted from marigold petals (Calendula officinalis). It is made by infusing marigold flowers in a carrier oil. This oil can be used on its own or to make ointments, creams, or salves. The carrier oil is usually grape seed oil, sunflower oil and/or olive oil. Vitamin E can be added to retard oxidation of the oil.

The many benefits of calendula oil are due to the significant levels of triterpenoids, flavonoids, carotenoids, saponins, polysaccharides, and other active antioxidants.

It is a powerhouse of skin soothing protective actives, and is well known for its ability to treat dry, irritated, and/or stressed skin.

INCI: Cymbopogon Martini (Palmarosa) Oil

Extraction Method: Steam Distillation
Plant Part: Flower
Smell: Rose-like
Colour: Yellow

Palmarosa is a member of the Lemongrass family. It is native to India but widely cultivated across the world. This plant is a wild-growing, herbaceous green grass with flowering tops.

Essential Oil has a high geraniol content. When applied to the epidermis, this element stimulates repair and regeneration.

Rich in nutrients and moisture, Palmarosa essential oil penetrates deep within to replenish skin cells. With a stronger and more nourished epidermis, Palmarosa essential oil works to lock in hydration and reignite your skin’s radiance.

This lovely oil works to balance the sebum production in the skin to help maintain oil levels. With its antibacterial properties, it is great for treating oily, acne-prone skin.

Some of their natural components are used extensively in perfumery and aromatherapy.

Never use essential oils undiluted on the skin.

INCI: Cedros Atlantica (Cedar) Wood Oil

Extraction Method: Steam Distillation
Plant Part: Wood
Smell: Woodsy
Colour: Yellow

Cedarwood essential oil is derived from the needles, leaves, bark, and berries of cedar trees. These magnificent trees are Native to North America.

This essential oil can be extracted via several techniques, including steam distillation and cold pressing.

Packed full of antioxidants, Cedarwood essential oil is the ultimate ingredient to give dull, lacklustre skin the boost it needs. Repaired, strengthened and re-energised, your complexion will look rejuvenated. It works well to prevent premature ageing thanks to its concentrated source of antioxidants and can help to soothe and calm irritated skin. Cedarwood essential oil works to counteract this and level out your epidermis’ sebum production to help reduce breakouts, blemishes and even out pigmentation.

Some of their natural components are used extensively in perfumery and aromatherapy.

Never use essential oils undiluted on the skin.

INCI: Melaleuca Alternifolia (Tea Tree) Oil

Extraction Method: Steam Distillation
Plant Part: Leaves
Smell: Earthy-green
Colour: Yellowy-green

This essential oil comes from the leaves of a species of tree called Melaleuca alternifolia, which grows in Australia. It is extracted through the process of steam distillation. Tea Tree Oil is obtained from the leaves and twigs of the Tea Tree.

Tea Tree essential oil is well renowned as a natural remedy for acne and breakouts. This is thanks to its powerful antibacterial compounds which work to deeply cleanse the skin and purify pores.

Armed with anti-inflammatory properties, Tea Tree essential oil is a great natural remedy to calm skin and soothe irritations. Its active compounds work speedily to repair, strengthen and protect the epidermis.

Whether its blemishes, acne marks, pigmentation or even rosacea, Tea Tree helps to restore your skin’s radiance and even out skin tone.

Some of their natural components are used extensively in perfumery and aromatherapy.

Never use essential oils undiluted on the skin.

INCI: Mentha Piperita (Peppermint) Oil

Extraction Method: Steam Distillation
Plant Part: Leaves
Smell: Fresh minty
Colour: Yellow

Peppermint is an aromatic herb in the mint family. It’s a hybrid mint that’s a cross between spearmint and water mint. It can be found naturally in North America, Europe and other parts of the world.

The oil is extracted from the stem, leaves, and flowers of the peppermint plant. It is used extensively in aromatherapy.

Peppermint essential oil has remarkable cellular stimulation properties. When used topically it strengthens the epidermis.

Thel oil contains menthol for an automatic soothing sensation, perfect to calm rosacea, oily skin, or puffiness. The main chemical components of peppermint oil are menthol and menthone.

Some of their natural components are used extensively in perfumery and aromatherapy.

Never use essential oils undiluted on the skin.

INCI: Citrus Sinensis (Sweet Orange) Expressed Peel Oil

Extraction Method: Expressed
Plant Part: Peel
Smell: Citrussy
Colour: Yellow

Sweet Orange is Native to Asia and is also largely cultivated in America. Extraction is done by a method called cold pressing (expressed), which uses pressure to squeeze the oils from the rind/peel.

Sweet orange essential oil is packed full of antioxidants and vitamin C in particular and l can be used topically to protect the skin from harmful external factors, providing your epidermis with the optimal environment in which to thrive.

It is great for dry, mature and skin showing signs of aging. With its potent antioxidant power, it defends the skin from free radicals whilst also prompting collagen production. The result smooth, plumped up skin.

Some of their natural components are used extensively in perfumery and aromatherapy.

Never use essential oils undiluted on the skin.

INCI: Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Oil

Extraction Method: Steam Distillation
Plant Part: Leaf and/or flowers
Smell: Herbaceously soothing
Colour: Yellow

It is an evergreen shrub with needle-like leaves. The oil is obtained from steam distillation of leaves and flowers of the rosemary shrub. It has a wonderful fresh, green and woody herbaceous fragrance like the actual fresh rosemary. Its key constituents are 1,8 cineole, alpha-pinene, camphor. Rosemary also contains iron, calcium, and phytonutrients

It is used in perfume and/or cosmetic products for its biological activity, which includes antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties.

It is an antioxidant which gives it anti-aging properties. Additionally, it will help prevent damage to your skin from environmental agents. Rosemary increases the skin’s elasticity therefore decreasing droopiness.

Limonene and Linalool are the natural components of this comforting essential oil. These are natural allergens that one could be sensitive and/or allergic to, which by law have to be declared on all cosmetic labels so that you are aware of its presence in the product.

Some of their natural components are used extensively in perfumery and aromatherapy.

Never use essential oils undiluted on the skin.

INCI: Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil

Melting point: Liquid at room temperature
Colour: Green
Smell: Avocado

The avocado pulp usually contains around 15-40% oil, but the extraction must happen when the pulp is dried out otherwise it would emulsify. It is a stable oil with a long shelf life compared to some other oils.

Avocado oil is a choice for nut-free carrier oil. It has anti-inflammatory and moisturising properties. It is a long oil, which means it glides well on the skin making it great for massage oils.

INCI: Camellia Japonica (Camellia) Seed Oil and/or Camellia Oleifera (Camellia) Seed Oil

Melting point: Liquid at room temperature
Colour: Gold
Smell: Mildy sweet

Camellia oil is from a shrub (or a small tree), which is the source of an edible oil. It is also known as Tea oil, but do not confuse it with Tea Tree oil.

It is widely used in skin care to nourish and soothe the skin, as well as help restore skin’s elasticity. Camellia japonica oil possesses a variety of biological activities, including antibacterial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. It penetrates the skin quickly and it doesn’t leave a greasy feel.

It can be used in products for problem skin and formulations that are designed for dull, lifeless skin.

INCI: Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil

Melting point: Liquid at room temperature
Colour: Yellow
Smell: Sweet

Jojoba oil is a wax. It is an awesome moisturiser, since its structure is very similar to the skin’s sebum.

Its slightly nutty odour with high viscosity and exhibits extraordinary high thermal and oxidative stabilities. It has anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial and anti-fungal activities. As it is very similar to the human sebum, it is not greasy and non-occlusive.

Builds skin protection barrier, increases the speed of the barrier recovery, and penetrates the skin controlling the sebum production.

It is a great choice for massage oils, for product designed to protect the skin from the elements, since it creates a very light layer of film on the skin which will help prevent trans epidermal water loss.

INCI: Adansonia Digitata (Baobab) Seed Oil

Melting point: Liquid at room temperature
Colour: Goldish
Smell: Earthy

Baobab oil is from the seeds of the Adansonia tree from Africa. The tree looks like it is growing roots upwards, and is often referred to as the upside down tree.

This nutritious oil is regarded as a potentially therapeutic ingredient for acne treatment, due to its linoleic acid content. The application of linoleic acid for oily and/or problematic skin may result in improved sebaceous gland function and the prevention of acne formation.

It is super at improving the skin barrier function by preventing reduced TEWL (Trans-epidermal Water Loss) that occurs as a result of an impaired barrier. It also has hydrating, moisturising and occlusive properties and high percentages of palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids and Vitamin A and E.

INCI: Sea Salt

Sea Salt is obtained from sodium chloride saturated brine, which crystallizes into sea salt as a result of the effect of the wind and the sun on the natural evaporation of the sea water in salt ponds.

The sea salt is then harvested and washed. According to the different uses, the sea salt can be centrifuged or dried under high temperature, sieved or ground in order to obtain different types of grain sizes.

 The difference between sea salt and ordinary salt is the mineral content. Sea salt is packed with important minerals like magnesium, calcium, sodium, and potassium, which all play a key role in our skin’s health. It absorbs the toxins in the body and on the surface of the skin

Sodium Chloride - Coarse White Salt and/or Fine White Salt

Known commonly as table salt. It is used primarily as a binding agent in skincare products and sometimes as an abrasive in scrubs.

The most common use of sodium chloride in cosmetics is as a thickening agent. Salt is commonly used to thicken the water (also known as aqueous) phase of shampoos, body washes, and non-soap facial cleansers. It’s an inexpensive and highly effective, versatile ingredient included in numerous types of cosmetics.

Sodium Chloride occurs naturally in seawater and as the mineral halite. It is essential to biological organisms and is found in most tissues and body fluids. The sodium and chlorine elements of Sodium Chloride play a diverse and important role in many physiological processes, including the transport of nutrients and waste, nervous system functions, and water and electrolyte balance.

Sodium Chloride - Pink Himalayan Coarse Salt and/or Pink Himalayan Fine Salt

Pink Himalayan salt is a type of rock salt from the Punjab region of Pakistan, near the foothills of the Himalayas. Himalayan salt crystals are harvested from salt beds, which were covered in lava, snow, and ice and remained that way for years.

Usually described as one of the purest salts available. The salt is chemically similar to table salt. It contains up to 98% sodium chloride.

The rest of the salt consists of trace minerals, such as potassium, magnesium, and calcium. These give the salt its light pink tint. These minerals also explain why Himalayan salt tastes different from regular table salt.

Himalayan salt crystals contain minerals, small enough for our body and skin to absorb, providing amazing therapeutic benefits to skin, body, and mind.

Sodium bi-carbonate (Sodium Bicarbonate)

Sodium bicarbonate is the active ingredient in baking soda.

Sodium Bicarbonate, is used to control the acid-base (pH) balance of cosmetic products. The pH of the products you use is super important for maintaining healthy skin.

It is a water soluble, white powder used as a leavening agent to help soften bath water. Sodium Bicarbonate is soothing, neutralising and versatile. It can be used to soften bathwater and boost circulation.

Magnesium Sulphate (Epsom Salt)

Epsom salt is hailed for relieving aches and pains.

They are a naturally-occurring pure mineral compound of sulphate and magnesium, and both of these minerals have natural healing properties and are powerful beautification boosters.

Studies have shown that magnesium and sulphate are both readily absorbed through the skin, making Epsom salt baths an easy and ideal way to enjoy the associated health benefit.

Magnesium plays a number of roles in the body including regulating the activity of over 325 enzymes, reducing inflammation, helping muscle and nerve function. Sulfates help improve the absorption of nutrients, and flush out toxins.


Anhydrous, means no water added. These are products that contain only plant butters, waxes, oils, and/or essential oils only. These products contain no preservatives either. Do keep a look out for these products that are indicated so under the description of the product.

However, if there is a chance that the Anhydrous product may come in to contact with water, it will contain a minute percentage of nature-identical preservatives synthesized in a lab, and will be indicated so.


Light Trace

Refers to a blend with no liquid streaks, and has the consistency of a thin lotion. The blend will be quite easy to pour.

Double Boiler and/or Bain Marie and/or Water Bath

You can set up a heat proof bowl on top of a pan of simmering water, which would be your best option starting out.

Some catering equipment suppliers sell a double boiler, which is similar to a bain marie principle but in one pot.

You can also combine a hot plate, a pan of water on it and a thermometer so you can control the temperature of your water bath. You then place your beaker/s in the water bath to gently heat/melt your ingredients.

You can also invest in a water bath from a laboratory supplier but these gadgets come at a premium.

INCI: Prunus Armeniaca (Apricot) Seed Powder

Apricot Seed Powder is a finely ground powder that provides a lovely light scrub when incorporated into exfoliating natural beauty and personal care products. Apricot seed, also known as apricot kernels, pits or stones, has deep moisturising benefits as it is high in fatty acids, vitamins and minerals.

The powder is produced by carefully selecting, drying, grinding and sifting and quality apricot kernels. Comparatively, while its extract may provide moisturizing benefits, apricot seed powder is primarily used for its mechanically, exfoliating benefits in clays or scrubs. When massaged into the skin, apricot seed powder acts as fine solid particles that promote the removal of damaged skin cells from the skin’s surface, thus leaving behind a softer, smoother skin texture.

Natural component of essential oil

These are natural allergens that are present in some, not all essential oils that one could be sensitive to, which by law have to be declared on all cosmetic labels. This does not necessarily mean that you are allergic and/or sensitive to it, it just means you should be aware of its presence in the product. This is why we highly recommend a 24 hour patch test on the inner arm when purchasing any product/s for the first time. We have specifically designed Petite Care/Travel/Sample packs with this in mind, available for purchase in the online store.

That being said, these natural components are used extensively in perfumery and aromatherapy.

Never use essential oils undiluted.